NAD is an acronym for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. This coenzyme is found in all living cells in the human body, and it plays a key role in supporting the conversion of food into energy – a process also known as metabolism.
NAD is known as a dinucleotide because it contains a pairing of two organic molecules called nucleotides. These molecules can be paired through their phosphate groups. One of the nucleotides in NAD contains adenine nucleobase, and the other nucleotide contains nicotinamide.
Adenine is one of the four primary components that make up the nucleic acid found in DNA. Nicotinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that is often used as a supplement in multiple forms of medicine.
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